• NEWS •
December 30, 2014
Buddy Guy Presented with Lifetime Achievement Award from The National GUITAR Museum
Buddy Guy, the pioneering electric blues guitarist who influenced a generation of rock guitarists, is the recipient of the NGM’s “Lifetime Achievement” Award for 2014. Buddy is the fifth recipient of the award, following David “Honeyboy” Edwards in 2010, Roger McGuinn of The Byrds in 2011, B.B. King in 2012, and “James Bond" guitarist Vic Flick in 2013.
Guy's work spans more than a half century of electric music, beginning with his arrival on the Chicago blues scene in 1957. “Buddy Guy is the most important link between blues guitar and rock and roll,” says HP Newquist, the executive director of The National GUITAR Museum. “The raw and aggressive style of playing he developed onstage and in studios directly influenced Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, and Stevie Ray Vaughan. Only a handful of guitarists in history have had that kind of effect on guitar playing. We’re honored to recognize Buddy's contribution to the guitar with this award.”
Guy’s contribution to the guitar hasn’t slowed down — even after 60 years of playing. He has won three Grammy Awards, been inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame, and last year released his autobiography, When I Left Home. He still tours across the United States several times a year and regularly performs at his own Chicago blues club, Legends.
The award was presented by NGM executive director HP Newquist.
October 4, 2014
The GUITAR Exhibit Opens At Liberty Science Center!
The National GUITAR Museum’s exhibit, “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World,” opened at Liberty Science Center in Jersey City, NJ on October 4th. One of the largest science centers in the United States, Liberty is located right behind the Statue Of Liberty! Opening day features included a presentation on the history of Martin Guitars by Dick Boak, a concert by Devi, and demonstrations throughout the galleries. The GUITAR Exhibit runs until January 4, 2015, so come on by and check out the Exhibit. Weekend musical performances are hosted through the run of the Exhibit, so there’s something for the entire family. The New York Post has named it one of “Three To See” while you’re in the NYC area!
May 9, 2014
The GUITAR Exhibit Opens In Hawai’i!
The National GUITAR Museum’s exhibit, “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World,” opened at The Bishop Museum in Honolulu, Hawai’i on May 9th. The Bishop is the Hawai’i state museum, and to mark the occasion it created an exhibit of its own musical treasures, including fabled variations of the ukulele. The exhibit will run until Labor Day at the museum. Check it out soon!
January 24, 2014
Vic Flick Receives Lifetime Achievement Award from The National GUITAR Museum at 2014 NAMM Show
During the 2014 NAMM Show at the Anaheim Convention Center, The National GUITAR Museum presented its “Lifetime Achievement” Award for 2013 to Vic Flick, the guitarist who played on hundreds of London sessions as well as the James Bond theme. The award was given as aprt of a day-long celebration of Flick’s career, including sessions with Fender (commemorating his pioneering use of the Stratocaster) and The National Association of Music Merchant’s History program.
The award was presented by NGM executive director HP Newquist, and NGM partner Mojotone.com hosted the event.
December 31, 2013
Vic Flick – “James Bond’s Guitarist” – Presented with Lifetime Achievement Award from The National GUITAR Museum
The National GUITAR Museum announced that Vic Flick, the guitarist who played on hundreds of London sessions — and is best know for playing the guitar on the James Bond theme – will receive its “Lifetime Achievement” Award for 2013. Flick is the fourth recipient of the award, following David “Honeyboy” Edwards in 2010, Roger McGuinn of The Byrds in 2011, and the legendary B.B. King in 2012.
Flick’s work spans four decades of popular music, from movie soundtracks to jazz to rock and roll. “It is arguable that Vic created and played the one guitar riff that has been heard by more people than any other in history, ” says HP Newquist, the executive director of The National GUITAR Museum. “In 1962, Vic played guitar on the soundtrack to "Dr. No" – in the process creating the James Bond theme song. His sinister opening riff has been featured in dozens of Bond movies ever since and the popularity of the Bond franchise, including the opening to the 2012 Olympics, means that billions of people all over the world have heard Vic's playing. We’re honored to be able to recognize his contribution to the guitar with this award.”
Flick was so well respected in the London session scene that he was recruited to play guitar on the soundtrack to The Beatles' film "Hard Day's Night." He was asked to help promote the Fender Stratocaster when it was introduced in the UK, and over the course of his career Vic performed on albums by artists as diverse as Tom Jones, Nancy Sinatra, Herman's Hermits, and Henry Mancini . . . as well as all those soundtracks. His stellar work was recognized in 2012 by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Still making the occasional public appearance, Flick published his autobiography, appropriately titled "Vic Flick, Guitarman," in 2008.
More on Vic can be found at http://www.vicflick.com/
December 20, 2013
The GUITAR Exhibit Moves To San Diego’s Balboa Park
The National GUITAR Museum’s exhibit, called “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World,” opened at The Reuben H. Fleet Science Center in San Diego, California on December 20. The opening night event drew media from across southern California, with live entertainment, guitar-themed food, private tours, and science and music demonstrations (including Harvey Starr, the inventor of the Ztar). The exhibit will run until April 6 at the museum. Check it out soon!
June 13, 2013
The GUITAR Exhibit Opens At The Museum Of Idaho
“GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World” opened at The Museum Of Idaho with a with a gala event featuring a solo performance by world-renowned fingerstyle player Doyle Dykes. The capacity crowd was given a preview of the installation the night before the doors opened to the public, complete with private tours, drinks and dinner, and a full evening of entertainment. The exhibit will be host to movie premiers and guitar workshops over its six-month run at the museum.
May 29, 2013
The GUITAR Exhibit Celebrates 2 Years And Half A Million Visitors
The National GUITAR Museum is pleased to announced that after two full years on the road, its Touring Exhibition, “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World” has now been seen by an estimated half a million people, and installation is currently underway for a 6-month stay at The Museum Of Idaho. The NGM has also booked the Exhibit for much of the next three years, and will be visiting California, Hawai’i, New Jersey, Ohio, Kansas, and North Carolina as part of its ongoing search for a permanent home.
January 18, 2013
The GUITAR Exhibit Opens At The Springfield Museums
The Touring Exhibition, “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World” is now officially installed at The Springfield Museums in Springfield, Massachusetts. For the first time, the Exhibition is split between two different museums: The George Walter Vincent Smith Art Museum and The Springfield Science Center. Visitors to both museums will be able to tour the entire exhibit as both a fine art display and a science and education presentation.
December 19, 2012
Black Sabbath Guitarist Tony Iommi Joins National GUITAR Museum Board Of Advisors
The National GUITAR Museum, the first museum dedicated to the history, science, and cultural impact of the world's most popular instrument, is proud to announce that Tony Iommi--guitarist and founding member of Black Sabbath--has joined the museum's board of advisors.
As an advisor to The National GUITAR Museum (NGM), Iommi will add his insight and experience to the museum's mission to promote and preserve the legacy of the guitar. While he is known worldwide for songs such as "Iron Man," "Paranoid," and "Heaven And Hell," he has also spent much of his career looking for ways to improve guitar technology and make the guitar more playable.
"I welcome the opportunity to be part of the National GUITAR Museum's goal to highlight the history of the guitar--the instrument that has been part of my life since I was a teenager," stated Iommi. "There is so much more to the guitar than six strings and a slab of wood. Everything about it is fascinating, from how it is crafted to the legion of people who have played it."
"Tony is one of the most important rock guitarists to ever pick up the instrument," said HP Newquist, executive director of the NGM. "His guitar playing has defined the sound of heavy metal for more than four decades, and he has influenced countless thousands--if not millions--of players. Tony's also had a huge affect on the instrument itself, from establishing the Gibson SG as an iconic guitar on to his own innovations in pushing the boundaries of string and pickup technology."
Iommi joins an existing group of renowned and respected guitarists on the NGM board, which includes Steve Howe, Steve Vai, Johnny Winter, Liona Boyd, Ritchie Blackmore, Joe Bonamassa, Pat Kirtley, and Pete Huttlinger. In addition to his guitar work with Black Sabbath, Heaven And Hell, and his solo efforts, Tony's highly acclaimed autobiography, "Iron Man," was released in 2011. He is currently working on a new studio album with Black Sabbath to be released in the New Year.
The National GUITAR Museum, LLC (NGM) is the first museum in the United States dedicated to the history, evolution, and cultural impact of the guitar. Its Touring Exhibition, “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World” is travelling to 20 cities over the next five years. At the completion of the tour, one city will be selected as the permanent home of The National GUITAR Museum.
(Photo by Neil Zlozower)
November 30, 2012
B.B. King Awarded NGM’s 3rd Annual “Lifetime Achievement Award.”
Blues legend B.B. King was awarded the “Lifetime Achievement Award 2012” by The National GUITAR Museum. This is the third time the award has been given: in 2010 it was presented to David “Honeyboy” Edwards for his contribution to the blues, and in 2011 was awarded to Roger McGuinn for influence on folk and rock guitar. Riley “Blues Boy” King is recognized for his legacy of guitar playing over the past 70 years and as one of the most important and influential musicians to ever pick up the guitar.
October 13, 2012
Opening Day in Richmond, VA!
“GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" opened in Richmond at the Science Museum of Virginia with performances throughout the day. The night before, hundreds attended the museum’s Kugel Ball gala, and partied till late . . . all while walking through the exhibit in its latest home. Several new interactives along with a full set of Gerard Huerta graphics of “The Golden Age Of Guitar” have been added to the exhibit just in time for the Richmond opening.
June 16, 2012
Opening Day in Pittsburgh!
“GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" opened in Pittsburgh and the Carnegie Science Center with performances throughout the day, including Reb Beach and the Acoustic Jam. The first night party was host to more than 500 attendees who got to walk the Exhibit and listen to a concert featuring members of the Iron City Houserockers, The Clarks, legendary vocalist Billy Price, and more. KDKA and WPTS provided ongoing coverage of the opening, while museum staff were featured on the CBS Pittsburgh morning show, and highlighted on the weekend covers of the Post-Gazette and Tribune.
The NGM also unveiled the world's oldest and newest electric guitars as part of its installation at the Carnegie Science Center. These two instruments--never before shown together as part of any exhibit or display--are the "Frying Pan," the first electric guitar ever manufactured, and the ODD Scarab, a guitar created by a 3D printer.
Opening Night Party!
The World’s Largest Playable Guitar in the Carnegie Science Center Atrium.
Oldest & Newest Electric Guitars
May 4, 2012
NGM Founder talks about guitar history, guitar music during Radio Base Camp.
Executive Director and Founder of The National GUITAR Museum, HP Newquist, sat with WPKN’s Steve di Costanzo to discuss the success after Year One of the NGM”s touring exhibit in Connecticut, Florida, and Kentucky, and the future exhibits in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Massachusetts, and Idaho. The two also discussed the evolution of guitar music from the early 1900s to modern rock guitar, showcasing some of the seminal blues and rock pieces that have helped to make the guitar the most enduring icon in American history. To hear the Radio Base Camp interview and the music, visit WPKN’s archive at: http://archives.wpkn.org/bookmarks/listen/35516
April 22, 2012
GUITAR Exhibit headed to the Carnegie in Pittsburgh!
After an incredible installation in Louisville, Kentucky, that ended right after the annual “Thunderblast” festival “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" moves to Pittsburgh and the Carnegie Science Center. Opening is on June 16th, and features a performance by, among others, the Iron City Houserockers. Check back for more updates throughout May!
January 22, 2012
GUITAR Exhibit Opens In Louisville!
Kicking off a three-month run in Louisville, Kentucky at the Louisville Science Center, "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" drew a crowd of more than 400 to an opening night gala that featured Rick Derringer and a night full of science, sound, entertainment, and exploration.
The doors opened to the public on January 22, attracting visitors young and old to see the extensive collection of hands-on interactives, artifacts, demonstrations, videos . . . not to mention the world's largest playable guitar and the "Rock Ock" eight necked instrument.
The tour runs through April 22 and then moves to the Carnegie Science Center in Pittsburgh for the Summer.
September 14, 2011
GUITAR Exhibit Extended In Orlando!
After drawing tens of thousands of visitors from all over the country this summer, the NGM's traveling exhibit "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" will extend its stay at the Orlando Science Center until January 2, 2012.
More information and an official announcement to come. And after Orlando, the tour heads to Louisville, Kentucky from January 22 to April 22, 2012!
July 19, 2011
Interview with NGM Founder on the launching of “GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World.”
NPR station WSHU-FM looks at the creation of the first museum dedicated to the history of the guitar.
June 10, 2011
Roger McGuinn Given "Lifetime Achievement Award"
Second Guitarist to be Honored; Award Presented in Orlando on June 10, 2011
The Byrds' founder Roger McGuinn gets a tour of The National GUITAR Museum's exhibit in Orlando, Florida titled "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World." McGuinn was presented with a Lifetime Acheivement Award by NGM founder HP Newquist in recognition of his contribution to the legacy of the guitar. McGuinn then gave a "behind the music" presentation of his life as a guitar player, performing some of his most well-known songs.
The exhibit opened to the public the following morning with over a thousand visitors.
McGuinn's award was the second annual presentation of the "Lifetime Achievement" honor. The first award was given to David "Honeyboy" Edwards during a presentation in New York City in 2010.
May 1, 2011
The GUITAR Tour To Launch Nationally in Orlando on June 11
Hosted by the Orlando Science Center
The NGM officially announces its Touring Exhibition "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World."
The tour, the first of its kind, will be installed at the Orlando Science Center (OSC) from June 11, 2011 to September 11, 2011. The exhibit features instruments that span the history of the guitar – including the world's largest playable guitar – along with hands-on interactives, touchscreens, videos, and models. Guitars from notable guitarists ranging from Johnny Winter to Steve Vai, historically important guitars from the last century, and unusual guitars that show the way the instrument has evolved since the first electrics were made in the 1930s, will all be on display.
"We're extremely excited to be opening our guitar exhibition in Orlando," said HP Newquist, executive director of The National GUITAR Museum. "Orlando is the most visited city in the United States, which makes this an exceptional place to start the tour. We're expecting thousands of visitors this summe, especially since the Orlando Science Museum is an incredible venue in a great city. Plus, the people at OSC have planned some amazing events surrounding the exhibition."
Guitarists scheduled to be part of the Orlando launch come from across the spectrum of players, beginning with an intimate evening with Roger McGuinn on opening night, June 10. Other guitarists will be announced in the weeks leading to the official opening. Check this site along with Facebook (facebook.com/guitarmuseum) and www.osc.org to get details about the official opening and events as they are added.
The Exhibition is enjoying a successful preview at the Discovery Museum in Bridgeport, CT where it will continue to be on display until May 15.
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Time to get started. The world's first guitar museum is being unveiled. Get your first glimpse of the National GUITAR Museum starting on June 11, 2011 in Orlando, Florida.It runs until September.
February 15, 2011
The GUITAR Tour Previews Begin In Connecticut
Early Viewing Open To The Public
The NGM takes the wraps off its Touring Exhibition "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World." The tour, which will have its national launch in Orlando beginning in June, opened to the public for previews on Feburary 15. Guitarists including Steve Vai, Joe Bonamassa, Liona Boyd, and Johnny Winter all sent personal instruments over to the NGM for display on opening night of the previews.
The preview is open to the public until May and is being displayed at The Discovery Museum. It is located at 4450 Park Avenue in Bridgeport, CT just outside of New York City.
October 9, 2010
Joe Bonamassa Joins NGM Advisory Board
(October 9, 2010) The NGM is proud to announce that Joe Bonamassa will be joining its board of guitar advisors. The blues rock guitarist first made a name for himself in the band Bloodline, which released its debut album in 1994 when Joe was 17. Since then, he has carved a distinctive path that has made him one of the premiere electric guitarists playing rock and blues today. His recent DVD from the Albert Hall features Eric Clapton guesting on guitar, while his new group - Black Country Communion - has Joe B teaming up with rock stalwarts Glenn Hughes, Jason Bonham, and Derek Sherinian. Bonamassa's ability to fuse blues, rock, prog and even jazz garnered him a "Best Overall Guitarist" award from Guitar Player Magazine this year, and his 2010 solo album, "Black Rock," debuted at #1 on the Billboard blues charts.
The National GUITAR Museum is pleased to announce that Joe B is now part of our distinguished Guitarist Board of Advisors (joining Ritchie Blackmore, Steve Howe, Liona Boyd, Johnny Winter, Steve Vai, among others). He'll also serve as an NGM curator for vintage and unusual instruments. Keep up with with Bonamassa at http://www.jbonamassa.com/ as well as at http://www.facebook.com/JoeBonamassa
October 9, 2010
Mark Knopfler Lesson Winner
PureSolo annnounced the winner of its contest to win a guitar lesson with Mark Knopfler. After reviewing hundred of entries, the winner is Christophe Leyssard, with Patrick Wasewicz as runner up. The NGM assisted with the judging, and provided a guitar for the competiion. The finalist was chosen by Mark himself.
August 17, 2010
"GUITAR: The Instrument that Rocked the World" To Launch In Orlando In June 2011
Traveling Exhibit explores the sound, science, history, and cultural importance of the world's most popular instrument. • NEW YORK, August 17, 2010 -- The National GUITAR Museum today announced that its touring exhibition, entitled "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World," will launch on June 11, 2011 at the Orlando Science Center in Orlando, Florida. The 5,000 square foot Touring Exhibition will explore the history and evolution of the guitar-from lutes and lyres to modern high-tech instruments-and show how the instrument became the cultural symbol it is today. The exhibition will feature engaging, entertaining, and educational displays specific to the guitar, including historical artifacts, models, posters, video screens, interactives, and kiosks. Educational displays will feature everything from how vibrating strings create sound on to the electromagnetic properties of an electric guitar-and even address environmental concerns about how the wood used to make guitars has disappeared through the destruction of rain forests. "The guitar is the most enduring icon in American history," says HP Newquist, the executive director and founder of The National GUITAR Museum (NGM). It has been around longer than baseball, basketball, soft drinks, and sports cars. It's hard to find anyone who hasn't been affected by the guitar, whether as players or just fans of all types of music. And while this may be apocryphal," Newquist adds, "it's a widely held belief that the two most recognizable man-made shapes on the planet are those of the Coca-Cola bottle and the electric guitar." The Touring Exhibition will run in Orlando from June through September 2011. Additional venues are currently being scheduled.
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About The National GUITAR Museum The National GUITAR Museum, LLC (NGM) is the first museum in the United States dedicated to the history, evolution, and cultural impact of the guitar. Its Touring Exhibition, "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World" will travel to 15 cities over the next five years before becoming the basis of The National GUITAR Museum in its permanent home. The NGM's board is comprised of individuals drawn from the music, technology, event, and museum communities. Current advisors include guitar greats Steve Vai, Johnny Winter, Steve Howe, Liona Boyd, and Ritchie Blackmore. The Executive Director of the Museum is HP Newquist. National partners who will be promoting and supporting the Museum and the Touring Exhibition include Channel One, Guitar Center, Guitar Player Magazine, and TrueFire Media. * * *
July 10, 2010
"Louder Than Love" Presents History of Detroit's Legendary Rock Venue
(Detroit: July 10, 2010)
"Louder Than Love" is a new film that chronicles the history of Detroit's legendary Grande Ballroom, and it also contains interviews with some of the greatest guitarists anywhere: B.B. King, Ted Nugent, Tom Morello, Slash, Mark Farner of Grand Funk, Wayne Kramer of the MC5, and more. A benefit for the film will be held on July 23rd at the Magic Bag Theater in Ferndale, Michigan. The NGM is supporting this film--by director Tony D'Annunzio--which chronicles the importance of the venue for early rock bands, so if you're in the area, head over to this great event. Check it out on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=200201171955
June 26, 2010
National GUITAR Museum Exhibits At Crossroads, Clapton Promises To Do "Maybe One More."
(Chicago: June 26, 2010) The National GUITAR Museum unveiled plans for the coming year at the 2010 Crossroads Guitar Festival in Chicago. In addition to exhibiting in the Crossroads Festival, hosting a Chicago River Blues Cruise, and hosting the giveaway of a new Fender Stratocaster, the Museum promoted its upcoming tour and met with many of its online fans in person.
The show featured dozens of guitar greats--including Jeff Beck, Hubert Sumlin, B.B. King, Steve Winwood, Billy Gibbons, Vince Gill, Bert jansch, Buddy Guy, Warren Haynes, Butch Trucks, Joe Bonamass, Johnny Winter, Ron Wood, and many more--and Eric Clapton enjoyed the event so much that he stated that there might yet be another festival, even though conventional wisdom has predicted this year to be the final in the Crossroads' series. We'll see.
June 15, 2010
PureSolo Offers One-On-One Lesson with Mark Knopfler
(London: June 15, 2010) PureSolo.com, the online music recording community, has teamed up with Mark Knopfler to launch an online guitar competition, in which guitarists are given the chance to win a master class with Mark himself at his private studios in London. The competition's unique method of entry offers guitarists the opportunity to essentially 'take the place' of Mark on his ORIGINAL recordings. Three tracks have been specially remastered with the lead guitar part removed and entrants are invited to re-record this part in their own style. Guitarists without access to recording equipment need not worry as all the tools needed to create their competition entry are provided at PureSolo.com. The site boasts an online recording facility that makes it easy for anyone to record music using just a microphone and computer. Once submitted for entry, songs can be played and rated by other members of the PureSolo community, eventually creating a shortlist from which the winning recording will be chosen by an expert panel of judges including Mark himself. The National GUITAR Museum will be supporting PureSolo in both the judging and prize stages. This is a once in a lifetime opportunity to take the place of Mark himself so get to PureSolo right now and give it your best shot: www.puresolo.com/mk or www.facebook.com/PureSolo
June 1, 2010
The National GUITAR Museum To Exhibit At Crossroads Festival
(Chicago: June 1, 2010) As part of the third Crossroads Guitar Festival, The National GUITAR Museum will join the day-long event on June 26th, 2010 as an exhibitor. The show will feature performances by Albert Lee, Allman Brothers Band, BB King, Bert Jansch, Buddy Guy, Eric Clapton, Hubert Sumlin, James Burton, Jeff Beck, Jimmie Vaughan, Joe Bonamassa, John Mayer, Johnny Winter, Jonny Lang, Keb' Mo', Robert Cray, Sonny Landreth, Steve Winwood, Vince Gill, and ZZ Top.
June 1, 2010
Historic Chicago Blues Cruise to be hosted by The National GUITAR Museum.
(Date: June 1, 2010) Join the National GUITAR Museum for a cruise through the history of Chicago Blues. Timed to coincide with the 2010 Crossroads Festival, Eric Clapton's tribute to the blues, the NGM's Chicago Blues Cruise will be a night of blues - and skyline views - that you'll never forget. The two-hour tour of Chicago's skyline includes breathtaking views, great music, and the chance to feel the city that gave birth to electric blues. And you'll see Chicago's architecture, regarded as the best in the world.
A commentary on the history of Chicago's blues starts the journey, accompanied by the music that defined electric blues, from Muddy Waters to Buddy Guy. Chicago was the home of blues labels Chess Records and Vee-Jay Records, along with the clubs that fueled the growth of American blues . . . a legacy that continues to this day.
Drinks, food, and music are included in the tickets, and all passengers are immediately entered in our onboard raffle to win an electric guitar. Partners on the cruise include The Chicago Reader, WXRT-FM, Fender Musical Instruments, Yajima String Works, DGN Custom Guitars, TrueFire Media, New Moon Design, GUITAR PLAYER Magazine, and Chicago Line Cruises. The NGM is giving away a limited number of tickets to this exclusive eventand winners will be announced on June 10, 2010.
May 1, 2010
First Award Presented by NGM In Advance of Exhibition Tour
(Chicago: May 2010) In preparation for its national touring exhibition of "GUITAR: The Instrument That Rocked The World," The National GUITAR Museum presented blues legend David "Honeyboy" Edwards with a Lifetime Achievement Award. Edwards accepted the award at the B.B. King Blues Club in New York City.
The NGM will hold similar events in each city where the Touring Exhibition is installed. The Tour is scheduled to launch in 2011.